Learn about the benefits of muscle strength training combined with tai chi for adult skeletal muscle in multiple CT scanning.
The study included 182 people over the age of 60 with no long-term history of physical activity and exercise. They were divided into the Taijiquan group (52 people), student muscle strength group (45 people), student muscle group combined with Taijiquan group (45 people), and control group (40 people). The board of directors did not attend. The other three groups received tai chi (more than 4 times a week), muscle strength training, and muscle training combined with tai chi for 6 months. Lumbar spine (L1-4) BMD and Berg scores were approximately the same as those measured in adults before exercise and at 3 and 6 months after exercise.
The results showed that there were significant differences in the scores of lumbar spine BMD and Berg Balance Scale between the Taijiquan group and students before and after exercise combined with muscle strength training (P < 0.05 or <0.01). The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The scores of lumbar BMD and Berg Balance Scale in the core muscle strength training combined with Taijiquan group after 6 months of exercise were higher than those after 3 months of exercise (P < 0.05), and the CT value of lumbar vertebral bone calcium was significantly positively correlated with BMD (Pearson correlation coefficients of L5 vertebral body were r = 0.704, 0.683, 0.728, 0.673, and 0.686, P < 0.01).
Single or combined training of core muscle strength or Taijiquan can improve lumbar bone mineral density and balance function in the elderly.