Previous systematic reviews elucidate the efficacy of Tai Chi on the rehabilitation and treatment for various chronic diseases. Yet, no consensus has been reached on its efficacy and safety from those with chronic kidney disease. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review to critically summarize what is already known about the prevailing benefits of Tai Chi for chronic kidney disease patients.
There was no evidence that Tai Chi had adverse effects on chronic kidney disease patients. Long-term Tai Chi exercises could improve quality of life, cardiorespiratory fitness, and physical motor function for the end-stage renal disease patients undergoing dialysis. Regular Tai Chi exercises might exert modest influences in delaying chronic kidney disease progression for mild-moderate chronic kidney disease patients.
However, there is insufficient evidence to demonstrate positive effects of Tai Chi exercises on bone health of the end-stage renal disease patients. Accordingly, rigorously designed, longer-term studies of Tai Chi are warranted to identify its efficacy on chronic kidney disease patients across different stages, especially targeting potential mechanisms in terms of Tai Chi altering biological gene profile expressions.