Electroacupuncture is effective for urinary retention

Background: Electroacupuncture (EA) is considered as an effective treatment for urinary retention (UR).

Methods: Up to April 7, 2023, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of electroacupuncture for urinary retention were extensively searched in 8 databases, including Pubmed, Cochrane, Embase, Web of Science, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese Journal Full-text Database, Wanfang Data, and VIP Full-text e-Journals Database. The Cochrane Risk of Bias tool and the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) were utilized to evaluate the quality of all included RCTs. Meta-analysis was conducted using Stata 15.0 software.

Results: A total of 23 trials were included, and the meta-analysis results suggested that compared with the control group, electroacupuncture can effectively treat various types of urinary retention (risk ratio [RR] = 1.22, 95CI%: 1.14, 1.31) and promote bladder function recovery, with a significant reduce in residual urine volume (weighted mean differences [WMD] = -49.60, 95CI%: -64.10, -35.11), an increase in maximum bladder capacity (WMD = 47.00, 95CI%: 12.76, 81.24), a shorten in the first urination time (standardized mean difference [SMD] = -1.42, 95CI%: -2.08, -0.76), and less adverse reactions (RR = 0.21, 95CI%: 0.07, 0.65).

Conclusion: electroacupuncture has significant advantages in treating urinary retention.

Reference: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/38847671/

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About Attilio

Doctor of Chinese medicine, acupuncture expert and author of My Fertility Guide and My Pregnancy Guide.

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