Ethnopharmacological relevance: Tao Hong Si Wu Tang is a classic prescription of traditional Chinese medicine that is mainly used for promoting blood circulation and alleviating blood stasis. Tao Hong Si Wu Tang is composed of Prunus persica (L.) Batsch, Carthamus tinctorius L., Ligusticum chuanxiong hort, Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels, Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC, and Paeoniae Radix Alba. This prescription eliminates blood stasis, supplements blood, and dredges the body as an auxiliary treatment.
Aim of the study: To investigate the mechanistic effects of Tao Hong Si Wu Tang in the treatment of cerebral ischemia.
Materials and methods: we downloaded 39 blood components for Tao Hong Si Wu Tang from the PharmMapper database for target prediction studies and identified the targets of cerebral ischemia. We identified the intersection between the components and targets, constructed a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, carried out GO and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis. a rat model of cerebral ischemia was established in rats, and the results of network pharmacology were verified by in vivo experiments.
Results: Established a component-target-pathway network, further transcriptomics analysis identified a total of 11 target genes (Plau, Fabp4, Mmp9, Mmp12, Cfd, Lcn2, Trem1, Lgals3, Hmox1, Selp and Slc6a4), a total of seven pathways (focal adhesion, complement and coagulation cascades, Staphylococcus aureus infection, malaria, transcriptional dysregulation in cancer, progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, and the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway), because both targets genes and the complement and coagulation cascade signaling pathways mediate inflammatory responses, the signaling pathways associated with the complement and coagulation cascades were selected for experimental verification.
We detected inflammatory factors and several key proteins in the complement and coagulation cascade signaling pathway (C1qb, C1qc, C3ar1, C5ar1, and Cfd). Analysis showed that THSWD can reduce the release of inflammatory factors and inhibit activation of the complement signaling pathways, thereby protecting against ischemic stroke disease.
Conclusions: Our findings provide preliminary clarification of the predominant mechanism of action of Tao Hong Si Wu Tang when used to treat ischemic stroke.