Electroacupuncture at Neiguan PC6 improves heart function and coronary artery disease

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6) on cardiac function and cardiomyocyte apoptosis in rats with acute myocardial ischemia (AMI), and to explore the correlation between myocardial protective effect of EA and inflammatory factors i.e. interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-17 (IL-17) of Neiguan (PC 6) area.

Methods: A total of 40 male SD rats with normal ultrasonic cardiogram were randomized into a sham-operation group, a sham-operation plus EA group, a model group and an electroacupuncture group, 10 rats in each group. The AMI model was established by ligating the left anterior descending (LAD) branch of the coronary artery in the model group and the electroacupuncture group, while the threading without ligating was adopted in the sham-operation group and the sham-operation plus electroacupuncture group.

In the sham-operation plus electroacupuncture group and the electroacupuncture group, electroacupuncture at bilateral Neiguan (PC 6) was applied, with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency and 2 mA in density, once a day, 20 min a time for 3 days. The cardiac ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) were measured by ultrasonic cardiogram to evaluate the cardiac function, the cardiomyocyte apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining, the infiltration of inflammatory factors of Neiguan (PC 6) area was observed by H.E. staining, the expression of inflammatory factors IL-1β and IL-17 of Neiguan (PC 6) area was detected by immunofluorescence staining.

Results: Compared with the sham-operation group, EF and FS were decreased (P<0.001), the average optical density of cardiomyocyte apoptosis was increased (P<0.001), the infiltration of inflammatory factors was obvious in skin dermis of “Neiguan” (PC 6) area in the model group; the positive expression of IL-1β and IL-17 of Neiguan (PC 6) area was increased in the model group and the sham-operation plus electroacupuncture group (P<0.001, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, EF and FS were increased (P<0.01), the average optical density of cardiomyocyte apoptosis was decreased (P<0.01), the infiltration of inflammatory factors was aggravating in skin dermis of Neiguan (PC 6) area, and the positive expression of IL-1β and IL-17 of Neiguan (PC 6) area was increased in the electroacupuncture group (P<0.001, P<0.01).

Conclusion: Electroacupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6) can improve the cardiac function and reduce the apoptosis of cardiomyocyte in rats with acute myocardial ischemia, its mechanism may be related to the regulation of the inflammatory factors of Neiguan (PC 6) area.

Reference: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34762379/

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About Attilio

Doctor of Chinese medicine, acupuncture expert and author of My Fertility Guide and My Pregnancy Guide.

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