Background: Neurodegenerative diseases have become an important concern with the accelerated aging process. Tai Chi Quan has positive benefits for brain health and chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to summarize the protective effects of Tai Chi Quan for motor function, cognition, quality of life, and mood in patients with neurodegenerative diseases.
Methods: A systematic search was conducted via PubMed database and the Web of Science core collection database until August 20, 2021. The available English systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and clinical trials were included. Two reviewers completed the screening and assessment process independently.
Results: A total of 28 studies on Parkinson’s disease, 21 on cognitive impairment, and 9 on multiple sclerosis met the included criteria. The study found that Tai Chi Quan remarkably improved general motor function and balance, and prevented falls for Parkinson’s disease. Tai Chi Quan significantly improved global cognitive function for cognitive impairment. Tai Chi Quan was likely safe and beneficial for multiple sclerosis as result of heterogeneous outcomes and small samples.
Conclusion: Tai Chi Quan exercise can effectively improve the motor function, global cognitive function, and falls in patients with neurodegenerative diseases.