Background: To conduct a meta-analysis on the clinical efficacy of electroacupuncture in the treatment of postoperative urinary retention in cervical cancer, and to provide a theoretical basis for the promotion of electroacupuncture in the treatment of this disease.
Methods: Computer searches of the Cochrane library, Web of science, PubMed, Embase, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Wanfang database, Wipu database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database database were conducted to find randomized controlled trials on electroacupuncture for postoperative urinary retention recovery in cervical cancer, all from the time of database creation to October 2022. Two evaluators independently evaluated the quality of the included literature and extracted the data. Data were combined and analyzed using RevMan 5.4.
Results: A total of 21 Randomized controlled trials with 1532 patients, 789 in the treatment group and 743 in the control group, were included. One descriptive analysis was performed and 20 Meta-analyses were performed. Meta-analysis results showed that: The electroacupuncture group was more effective than the control group in promoting recovery from urinary retention after cervical cancer, with a statistically significant difference [relative risk (RR)] = 1.32, 95% confidence interval (CI 1.26, 1.39), P < .00001; The duration of indwelling catheterization was reduced in the electroacupuncture group compared with the control group, with a statistically significant standard mean difference = -1.43, 95% CI (-1.62, -1.24), P < .00001; The healing rate in the electroacupuncture group was higher than that in the control group, with a statistically significant difference [RR] = 1.92, 95% CI (1.59, 2.30), P < .00001; The rate of urinary tract infection in the electroacupuncture group was lower than that in the control group, with a statistically significant difference [RR] = 0.22, 95% CI (0.10, 0.45), P < .00001. The incidence of urinary retention was lower in the electroacupuncture group than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant [RR = 0.26, 95% CI (0.18, 0.39), P < .01].
Conclusion: Electroacupuncture can promote the recovery of urinary retention after cervical cancer surgery, and can improve the healing rate of patients after surgery, reduce the occurrence of urinary tract infection and shorten the duration of indwelling catheterization.