Acupuncture improves poststroke cognitive impairment

Objective: Physical therapy combined with acupuncture is the current research hotspot in the treatment of poststroke cognitive impairment, but which combination treatment is the best is still controversial. Based on the network meta-analysis method, we evaluated the efficacy of various physical therapies combined with acupuncture for the treatment of poststroke cognitive impairment.

Methods: We retrieved diverse randomized controlled trials of various physical therapies combined with acupuncture for the treatment of cognitive dysfunction after stroke. We selected studies, extracted data, and evaluated the risk of literature bias for the included randomized controlled trials. We used STATA 14.0 for the current network meta-analysis.

Results: Fifteen randomized controlled trials involving 1288 patients were included, which involved 7 treatment plans that included 3 control treatment plans and 4 acupuncture treatment plans combined with physical therapy. The best treatment plan for improving the Mini-Mental State Examination score of poststroke cognitive impairment is acupuncture combined with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The best treatment option for improving the Montreal Cognitive Assessment score of poststroke cognitive impairment is acupuncture combined with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The best option for improving the Barthel index score of poststroke cognitive impairment is acupuncture combined with transcranial magnetic stimulation. In terms of improving the overall clinical effectiveness of poststroke cognitive impairment, the best treatment option is acupuncture combined with transcranial magnetic stimulation.

Conclusion: The analysis of all the results shows that acupuncture combined with hyperbaric oxygen therapy can significantly improve poststroke cognitive impairment compared with other combined treatments. 

Reference: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34840581/

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About Attilio

Doctor of Chinese medicine, acupuncture expert and author of My Fertility Guide and My Pregnancy Guide.

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