Objective: A network Meta-analysis based on Bayesian theory was used to evaluate efficacy and safety of acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of dry eye disease, so as to provide evidence-based research basis for clinical application.
Methods: Randomized controlled trials for acupuncture and moxibustion treatment of dry eye disease published from the inception of database to November 25, 2020 were searched from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Sinomed, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP Database. Two reviewers independently screened the literatures, extracted the data. The quality of the included literature was evaluated, and network Meta-analysis was performed by using Stata14.0 and R4.0.3 software.
Results: A total of 71 literatures were identified, including 5 536 patients with dry eye disease, covering 11 different interventions. Network Meta-analysis showed that acupuncture+traditional Chinese medicine+artificial tears was the best treatment option in terms of the clinical effective rate, breakup time of tear film (BUT), Schirmer I test (SIT) with surface under cumulative ranking area value. Acupuncture+traditional Chinese medicine+artificial tears was better than artificial tears in the clinical effective rate (odds ratio［OR］=12.34, 95% confidence interval［CI］［4.72, 36.89］), BUT(mean differenc［MD］=2.76, 95%CI［0.16, 5.40］), SIT(MD=4.76, 95%CI［1.23, 8.29］).
Conclusion: Acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of dry eye disease are generally better than artificial tears, and acupuncture-moxibustion combined with other traditional Chinese medicine therapy has the best effect.