Background: Gui Zhi Gan Cao Long Gu Mu Li Tang can make a good effect on the insomnia under the catalogue of traditional Chinese medicine.
Method: To search the databases:Pubmed, Web of Science, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), the China Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc), the China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), the Wanfang.
Results: Fifteen randomized controlled trials were included, totally including 1164 participants. After summarizing the observational index revised according to the “Guiding Principles for Clinical Research of New Chinese Medicines”, we found that the curative effect of the trial group is 2.29 times that of the control group in the fixed effect model which had a statistically significant difference [OR = 2.293681, 95%CI = 0.3266112-5.83].
And the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) which had 7 different dimensions, including subjective sleep quality[p = 0.001 < 0.05], sleep latency, sleep duration[p = 0.000 < 0.05], habitual SE[p = 0.000 < 0.05], sleep disorders[p = 0.002 < 0.05], use of sleep medications[p = 0.000 < 0.05], and daytime dysfunction[p = 0.000 < 0.05], showed a higher scores in the trial group than the one in the control group in every dimension.
The final results of the total scores in PSQI also showed a higher scores in trial group with a p = 0.000 < 0.05 (Test of WMD), suggest a statistically significant difference. While the adverse effects showed a lower rate in the trial group than the one in the control group under a fixed-effect model, with a p = 0.000 < 0.05, indicate a statistically significant difference.
Conclusion: The efficacy and safety of Gui Zhi Gan Cao Long Gu Mu Li Tang in the trial groups are better than the modern western medicine in the control groups.